Is he an opportunist offering aid and comodo puro would-be tyrants? Do the moral and political goals he outlines per the final chapter of The Prince justify the actions he advocates sopra the preceding chapters? These questions seem destined esatto remain with us as long as Machiavelli’s book continues onesto occupy a central place mediante modern political thought.
James Madison, “The Federalist Mai
What we know of the personal character of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is at odds with the treachery implied durante the adjective derived from his name. Evidence suggests that Machiavelli was an upright man, per good father, and a husband who lived mediante affectionate harmony with his wife, Marietta Corsini, who bore him six children. Throughout his life, Machiavelli was verso zealous republican. He served Florence with uncompromising patriotism as an effective senior administrator and diplomat. But his solo-minded service puro the republic of Florence ended when the army of the Holy League of Pope ily esatto power as benevolent despots of the city. In the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position per the city government but, when verso conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered per early 1513, he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on a list taken from the conspirators. Thrown into prison and subjected sicuro the kind of torture that forced blameless men onesto confess their guilt, Machiavelli nevertheless maintained his innocence and was eventually released.
Reduced esatto poverty, and with restrictions placed on his movements around the city, Machiavelli sought refuge con the little property, outside Florence, that he had inherited from his father. There he produced not only The Prince, which he completed between the spring and autumn of 1513, but also verso variety of political commentaries and histories and per number of well-received literary works. After the death of Pope Julius II mediante 1513, the chant of Lorenzo de’Medici (called the Magnificent) became Pope Leo X-one of three popes the Medici family produced. It was Machiavelli’s hope that by dedicating The Prince puro Lorenzo de’Medici, bourdonnement of the most famous of all the Medicis, he would obtain an office that would return him onesto public life. That hope datingranking.net/it/established-men-review was durante vain. Machiavelli died at the age of 58, still exiled from Florence.
I Samuel and I Kings (Old Testament); Matthew 22 (New Testament)These books durante the Bible deal with the tensions between religious and political loyalties.
Aristotle, PoliticsIn this exploration of the ideal state, Book V, concerning the maintenance of political power, is an especially pertinent antecedent puro Machiavelli.
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)The author presents a grim vision of human beings durante their natural state, which becomes the basis for his argument that per practically omnipotent government is necessary esatto secure verso basic level of justice and elementary freedoms.
John Locke, The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)Chapter 14 examines the circumstances con which government can act durante violation of the law or per the absence of law. Chapter 19 concerns the right of the people onesto overthrow verso ruler or government when either has abused his power.
10” (durante The Federalist) (1787-88)This essay addresses the problem of factions that inevitably develop among citizens and the ways of controlling their detrimental effects without infringing on liberty.
Is he best understood as per seeker of unity and peace, concerned sicuro make his advice practical and effective?
Plato, The StatesmanOne of Plato’s major works of political philosophy, this conversation explores the nature and virtue of a king or statesman.
Machiavelli’s view of the Italy of his day-“leaderless, lawless, crushed, despoiled, torn, overrun” (p. 83)-underwrites the advice he gives durante The Prince. It also leads him to end his treatise with an “Exhortation onesto liberate Italy from the barbarians.” Machiavelli calls for “a new prince…onesto introduce per new order” (p. 82) that would bring unity and stability to the often warring city-states of the Italian peninsula. Con this portion of The Prince and durante some of his other writings, Machiavelli appears more idealistic and friendly toward verso form of government that would give citizens verso say. Sopra his Discourses, Machiavelli portrays the ideal government as verso republic that allows groups with differing opinions sicuro speak openly.